Understanding Networking Fundamentals

Network standards, components, protocols, and labs for LANs, WANs, and MANs.

The Challenge: Your network is your future. You are responsible for ensuring that network uptime is maximized. Demand is high from users - your network must do more and you must do more - often with the same resources in terms of equipment and personnel.

The Solution: Over 50,000 network professionals have taken this course in order to meet today's networking challenges. Come and learn from the experts in 14 hands-on labs. Why go anywhere else for the fundamentals of networking?

To register, call 916-852-2570

This course can be delivered by the methods below:
Classroom Learning $1795 USD
Self-Paced e-Learning See Below - $1195 USD
Virtual Classroom e-Learning $1195 USD

You Learn...

Critical network skills with live Cisco, Nortel, and WildPackets products
LANs, MANs, and WANs and how they connect together as a network
To build a network live in class using hubs, bridges, routers, and switches
Data packet structures and traffic analysis using a LAN analyzer
Network design issues
TCP/IP basics
IP addressing and subnetting schemes
Various WAN services like Frame Relay, ISDN, and ATM
Ethernet operation and 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps, and Gigabit integration
Network cabling systems (category 5 UTP and fiber)
Network operating systems
Network addressing, and performance issues
Microsoft networking
Frames and packets
Internet/intranet and NAT
Firewall and security issues
The OSI model

Who Would Benefit

This course is intended for those who need to know how networking hardware and software function together to form today’s computer networks. Whether students are brand new to networking and need to "get up to speed quickly" or have worked in the IT industry for years and need to "fill in the gaps," they will benefit greatly from this course.

Technical marketing or sales support, help desk personnel, project managers, network engineers, network administrators, voice engineers, and those charged with converging voice and data networks will all benefit from this foundation course.


Course Outline

Please choose below for specific Outline information.

Classroom and Virtual Classroom e-Learning Outline
Self Paced e-Learning Details

Classroom and Virtual Classroom e-Learning Outline

1. Networking Basics

You will learn to describe basic network functionality, explain how LANs and WANs are used, identify the types of network addressing, explain network design basics, and describe how common networking components such as hubs, switches, and routers operate.
Networking basics
LANs and WANs
Networking timeline
Networking challenges
Computer network elements
Networking applications and their impact on performance
Network bandwidth issues
Network connectivity and segmentation
Common networking hardware
LAN basics
LAN cabling
Ethernet basics
WAN basics
Frames and packets
Network addressing basics
Networking protocols
Problem-solving protocols
TCP/IP basics
Network security
Network management issues

2. Networking Standards and the OSI Model

You will be able to explain the role that standards play in today's computer networks, including standards involved in LANs, WANs, and the Internet. Understand the OSI model and how it is used in networks.
Networking standards
Standards overview
Standards organizations
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers standards
Common LAN standards
LAN cabling standards
UTP cable categories
Common WAN services
Common WAN serial interface standards
History of the Internet
Internet organizations
Internet standards process
RFC overview
OSI model overview
OSI model layers
OSI network communication
Layer 1: Physical layer
Layer 2: Data Link layer
Layer 3: Network layer
Layer 4: Transport layer
Layer 5: Session layer
Layer 6: Presentation layer
Layer 7: Application layer
Comparison of the OSI model to other networking protocols

3. LAN Components

Understand LAN evolution and uses, typical components, and hardware and software requirements for connecting devices. Learn about the functionality of a network interface card, how a LAN is cabled, the functionality of routers and switches, and how LANs are managed.
Local Area Networks
History of LANs
LAN uses and benefits
Typical LAN components
Computer requirements
Software requirements
Network Interface Cards
NIC drivers
LAN cabling overview
Category 5 UTP overview
Category 5 UTP installation guidelines
Cable pin-outs
Fiber optic cabling overview
Fiber optic cable types
Typical fiber optic backbone installation
Connectivity devices
LAN management
LAN baselines
Protocol analyzers

4. Ethernet Overview

You will learn to explain how Ethernet operates and and how hubs, switches, and routers function. Learn to decode frames with a protocol analyzer; to integrate 10, 100, and 1,000 Mbps Ethernet; and use Ethernet ports and cables.
Ethernet evolution
History of Ethernet
Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detection Operation
Ethernet collision domains
10 Mbps and 100 Mbps Ethernet connectivity options
Gigabit Ethernet connectivity options
Ethernet version II frame structure
Ethernet type field
IEEE 802.3 with 802.2 frame format
Captured frame displayed by a protocol analyzer
Ethernet equipment overview
Ethernet ports and connectors
RJ-45 ports
Ethernet MDI-X and MDI ports
Ethernet straight-through and crossover cables
Half-duplex and full-duplex operation
Ethernet transceivers
Ethernet hubs
Ethernet hub functionality
Ethernet switches
Ethernet switch operation
Ethernet Virtual LANs
VLAN implementation
Ethernet routers
10 Mbps Ethernet
10 Mbps Ethernet design rules
The 5-4 rule
Fast Ethernet 2-1 rule
100 Mbps Ethernet overview
Gigabit Ethernet overview
Integrating 10, 100, and 1,000 Mbps Ethernet
Ethernet performance issues

5. Network Operating Systems

You will understand the common services offered, the difference between peer-to-peer and dedicated client/server arrangements, and which vendors and products are currently available.
NOS overview
The client/server concept
Dedicated client/server network environment
Peer-to-peer client/server network environment
File service
Print service
Mail service
Communications service
Database service
Directory/security services
NOS protocol comparison
Typical UNIX protocol structure
Novell NetWare protocol structure
Windows NT protocol structure
AppleShare protocol structure
Other NOSs

6. TCP/IP Overview

You will understand the components of a TCP/IP protocol stack, IP addressing and subnetting, and the role of TCP in transmission. You will use TCP/IP applications like FTP and Telnet, and use PING to test your network.
The TCP/IP protocol suite
Network Access layer
Internet layer
The IP version 4 header
IP addressing
Binary numbers
Subnet mask overview
Class A subnetting
Class B subnetting
Class C subnetting
Subnet mask examples
Subnetting examples
Variable length subnetting
Variable length subnet mask example
Default gateway overview
IP address servers
The PING command
ARP in action
IP version 6
Host-to-Host layer
TCP/IP ports
TCP header
UDP header
Process layer: applications

7. Internetworking Overview

Learn how to physically segment a network using a bridge or a switch, understand how logical segmentation is obtained using routers, and list various types of firewalls in use today.
Network segmentation
Networking equipment
Physical segmentation
Bridging and switching
Bridge and switch operation
Bridge and switch types
Ethernet switching
Spanning Tree algorithm
Token ring switching
FDDI switching
ATM switching
Logical segmentation
Routing overview
Routing IP
Routing protocols
Routing metrics
Routing protocol operation
RIP routing tables
RIP 1 message format
RIP 2 message format
OSPF messages
Firewall types

8. WAN Components

Learn how WANs are obtained and used, components, and how SONET works in a WAN.
WAN overview
Telecommunications infrastructure
Connection types: PVC and SVC
WAN technologies
WAN circuit switching
WAN packet switching
Wide area transmission rates
WAN media types and physical interfaces
WAN signaling specifications
WAN equipment
Time Division Multiplexing
TDM hierarchy
Multiplexing example
SONET specifications

9. WAN Services

Identify the differences between circuit- and packet-switching networks, the operation of dedicated circuits like T1 lines and the use of ATM. Compare and contrast X.25 and Frame Relay.
WAN access and services
WAN service options
Leased lines
T1 service
Fractional T1 service
T3 and fractional T3
Switched lines
ISDN overview
Packet-switching networks
X.25 overview
Frame Relay overview
Frame format
ATM overview
Service classes
Cell structure
Virtual paths and channels

10. The Internet

You will be able to explain the structure of the Internet, describe an intranet, list common Internet applications, and explain how a URL is used.
Overview and structure
Accessing the Internet
Internet applications and tools
The World Wide Web
Networking resources on the Internet
Future Internet trends

Hands-On Lab 1: Classroom Network Components

Find and inspect equipment used to build the classroom network, find student PCs and the NICs installed in them, inspect cabling used to connect components, and locate the servers to be used.

Hands-On Lab 2: Design and Install the Network

Connect the devices in the classroom network into two 10BaseT Ethernet hubs, connect the hubs together using fiber optic converters and cabling, and document the classroom network installation.

Hands-On Lab 3: Peer-to-Peer Networking

Gather information about the network interface card including its MAC addresss. See what devices are on the network, and configure file sharing on the devices.

Hands-On Lab 4: IP Subnetting Case Study

Apply your understanding of subnetting IP addresses to a real-world case study in small groups in class. You will create a subnetting plan that fits the organization's current and future needs, provide the router port addresses, and prepare to present your plan to the class.

Hands-On Lab 5: Configuring IP Parameters

Configure TCP/IP on your client workstation to include IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway parameters.

Hands-On Lab 6: Testing Network Connectivity: PING

Learn what a ping is and how it works. You will ping network devices, understand how ARP is used, and view what network traffic looks like when captured and displayed with a protocol analyzer.

Hands-On Lab 7: Monitoring Classroom Network Activity

Explain how to decode network traffic, set capture filters for viewing specific protocols, capture live network traffic and view it in detail, and troubleshoot and baseline a network.

Hands-On Lab 8: File Transfer Protocol (FTP)

Learn to transfer files on a network, and use FTP from the command line and a Web browser.

Hands-On Lab 9: Installing 10/100 Mbps Ethernet Switches

Install Ethernet switches, and explain how and why they are used. Identify cabling issues for connecting hubs and users to a switch, review how to configure a switch, direct traffic through the classroom network, and explain what the switch does with each frame and why.

Hands-On Lab 10: Installing 100 Mbps Ethernet

Upgrade a portion of the classroom network to 100 Mbps Ethernet, and identify cabling requirements, hub connectivity issues, and NIC requirements.

Hands-On Lab 11: Using DNS

Learn what Domain Naming System (DNS) is and how to configure it on a server, configure your device for DNS, and communicate using names instead of IP addresses.

Hands-On Lab 12: DHCP

Demonstrate how tasks in networking can be automated and how a server provides IP configuration information to a user device. Understand what DHCP is and how it is used and configured, and verify configuration parameters received from a DHCP server.

Hands-On Lab 13: LAN Router Installation

Install and connect two routers into the network using an Ethernet link. Explain how a router is configured, and connect routers to form three subnets. Reconfigure devices, and test by pinging between subnets. Telnet into the router and determine port configuration, port status, and route tables, and observe how the routers communicate using routing updates.

Hands-On Lab 14: LAN/WAN Router Installation

Connect two distant locations using routers and WAN links, and explain how LAN and WAN ports are configured. Connect routers using a Frame Relay link and a PPP link. Test WAN links and routers, then Telnet into the routers to view configuration and status. Connect all three links and observe router forwarding behavior.

Self-Paced e-Learning Details

Title 1: Networking Overview - 281992

Get a solid understanding of the basics of networking and Internet. Use that knowledge to link the function of networking into the seven-layer OSI model. Discover what a protocol really is and the governing bodies that administer the standards around protocols.
Lab #1 - Overview of the Classroom Network
Lab #2 - Installing the Classroom Network

Title 2: Introduction to LANs - 281993

Discover and understand the functions of all the pieces and components that make up a Local Area Network. Including how Ethernet works from the specifics on the protocol and standards to basic Ethernet Frame formats and the function and flavors of Network Operating systems with a focus on the services they provide.
Lab #3 - Exploring the Classroom Network

Title 4: TCP/IP, Routing, and Switching Primer - 281995

Get a nuts and bolts look at TCP/IP from addressing and subnetting to the TCP/IP application suite. With an understanding of TCP/IP you can dive into the concepts and functions of an Internetwork by learning the basics of switching, routing and the routing protocols.
Lab #5 - Configuring IP Parameters
Lab #6 - Testing the Network Connectivity - Ping
Lab #7 - Monitoring Classroom Network Activity
Lab #8 - FTP
Lab #9 - Switch Lab
Lab #10 - Installing 100mp Ethernet
Lab #11 - DNS
Lab #12 - DHCP
Lab #13 - LAN Router Installation

Title 3: Introduction to WANs - 281994

Take a look at the components that make Wide Area Networks including circuit switching, packet switching, signaling methods, transmission types and connection types. Relate those components to the basic services you use to connect your LAN to the Internet which include T-Carrier, ISDN, ATM and Frame Relay.
Lab #14 - WAN Router Installation

Title 5: 14 Simulation Labs - 282565

Package Titles 1-4 281996

Package Titles 1-5 282585


Suggested Prerequisites

A solid understanding of networking concepts which you can get from our Internet and Network Communications course.


Suggested Follow-ons

Students followed up Understanding Networking Fundamentals by attending these popular classes:

Internetworking with TCP/IP
ICND (Interconnecting Cisco Network Devices)